French Bulldogs are small, friendly dogs. They have a cheerful, good-natured, playful personality and unusual appearance.
French Bulldogs are attached to all family members, great companions, and get along well with children. They are incredibly successful due to their temper and compact size.
French Bulldogs are sociable, cheerful, mobile, exceptionally affectionate with the owners, get along great with children and love to play.
Breed name: French Bulldog
Country of origin: France
Time of origin of the breed: XIX century
Weight: 8-14 kg
Height (height at the withers): 30-35 cm
Life span: 11-13 years
- These dogs are smart, but stubborn, they quickly get bored with routine. The trainer will have to show ingenuity and patience.
- Pets do not need high physical activity. Regular walks and weight control are enough.
- Representatives of the breed do not tolerate heat well, it is recommended to keep in an air-conditioned room.
- French Bulldogs make little noise, rarely bark, although there are exceptions.
- These dogs are not suitable for lovers of perfect cleanliness: they drool, are prone to flatulence, molt.
- The French Bulldog breed is only suitable for keeping in the house – they are not physically adapted to life on the street.
- A companion dog needs a lot of human interaction. If left alone for more than a few hours, they may experience separation anxiety. If no one is at home for a long time, the dog may grow up aggressive or get sick.
- The French Bulldog will get along well with a child, but it is better not to leave very young children with a pet unattended by adults – the baby can accidentally offend the dog, forcing it to defend itself.
History of the French Bulldog breed
French Bulldogs, despite their name, were bred in England. In the 19th century, breeders decided to create a companion dog breed that could be kept in an urban environment without much difficulty. Craftsmen, seamstresses, lace makers did not miss the opportunity to acquire a mischievous pet, which pleased the owners with a light disposition and funny habits. To breed such a dog, breeders selected the smallest English bulldogs, crossed them with terriers, pugs. This is how the modern breed appeared.
In the second half of the 19th century, the demand for manual labor fell sharply due to the rapid development of manufactories. Many English workers moved to France with their beloved dogs. According to another version, traders brought the bulldogs here. The good-natured character, the ability to catch small rodents and unusually large erect ears instantly riveted the attention of the French public to this breed.
In Paris, courtesans became the first owners, or rather the owners, of little bulldogs. There are many photographic postcards with nude or semi-nude women posing with their pets. Very quickly, the fashion for these dogs spread in high society, as evidenced by numerous photographs. Since the 80s of the XIX century, a real boom in the popularity of the breed began. At this time, Paris was already the fashionable capital of the world, so the whole world soon learned about the French Bulldogs. In 1890, the dogs were brought to the United States, and after 7 years the FBDCA (French Bulldog Club of America) was established.
The French Bulldogs made their debut to the general public at the English Show in 1896, where they won the admiration of many dog breeders. The breeders became interested in breeding these dogs. The popularity of the breed grew rapidly, and in 1913 about a hundred French Bulldogs arrived at the Westminster show. Originally these dogs were called bouledogue français in French , but at the beginning of the 20th century the name was changed to French Bulldog. The Kennel Club in 1905 recognized the breed as an independent breed, separating it from the English Bulldogs.
Appearance of French Bulldogs
The standard for French Bulldogs was developed at the time of the beginning of the exhibitions with their participation. The main criteria allow you to select the best representatives of the breed: healthy, suitable for show and breeding.
They are small, compact dogs. Adult males weigh about 10-15 kg, females 8-12 kg. The height at the withers is not officially limited by the standard, but usually it does not exceed 25-35 cm.
The coat of French Bulldogs is smooth, shiny and thin, the cover fits well to the body and does not have an undercoat, therefore, it is worth insulating the dog for walking in frosts.
The French Bulldog has a strong square build. The back and hind legs are well muscled and strong.
The front legs are somewhat shorter than the hind legs, which visually makes the dog slightly stooped. Because of this feature, pets love to lie in a funny pose – stretching their hind legs back. The weighted body and short legs do not allow the French Bulldog to swim (it can stay upright in the water and gets tired quickly).
Wide and square, so the breed is undershot. Some puppies are born with an elongated or split soft palate.
On the forehead there are wrinkles characteristic of the breed, turning closer to the middle into symmetrical concentric folds, the muzzle is short. The small nose is flattened and turned up. The forehead has a convex profile, the neck is covered with folds. The eyes are large, round with a benevolent expression. Difficulty breathing, accompanied by sounds similar to grunting.
The hearing organs are long, straight, rounded at the ends.
Fawn, white, black, brindle, spotted, Pied Color, beige, white brindle, blue (not recognized by all associations), cream.
- History of french Bulldog. wikipedia
- FBDCA. frenchbulldogclub
- McCrave, Elizabeth A. (March 1991). “Diagnostic Criteria for Separation Anxiety in the Dog”. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice.
- Schwartz, Stefanie (June 2003). “Separation anxiety syndrome in dogs and cats” (PDF). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 222 (11): 1526–1532.
- “Get to Know the French Bulldog”, The American Kennel Club
- Coile, D. Caroline (2005). French Bulldogs. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron’s