French Bulldog

Breed French Bulldog breed head image

French Bulldog breed originally from France United Kingdom. Also known as Frenchie, Bouledogue Français.

French Bulldogs are small, friendly dogs. They have a cheerful, good-natured, playful personality and unusual appearance.

Table of contents:
  1. Breed information
  2. French Bulldog breed image
  3. Breed Characteristics
  4. More about breed

Breed information

Rank by UKC (2020 year) 2 of 195
Name French Bulldog
Other names Frenchie, Bouledogue Français
From country France United Kingdom
Standards Kennel Club 🔗; FCI 🔗
Breed groups Non Sporting (AKC),Companion (UKC)
Type Purebred
Size Small
Life span 10 - 12 years
Temperament affectionate,playful,alert,athletic,bright,easygoing,keen,lively,patient
Height female 11-13 inches (28-33 cm)
Height male 11-13 inches (28-33 cm)
Weight female 16–25 pounds (7–11 kg)
Weight male 16–25 pounds (7–11 kg)
Colors brindle,brindle & white,cream,fawn,fawn & white,fawn brindle,white,white & brindle,white & fawn
Litter Size 3 - 5 puppies
Puppy Price Average $2000 - $4000 USD

French Bulldog breed image

Breed French Bulldog image

Breed Characteristics

Sensitivity Level

High-sensitivity dogs can take some of the owner's actions close to the heart. If you shout too loudly at the dog, ignore the dog or your kid pulls its tail It may take offense. Low sensitivity dogs or "tolerant" dogs take it easier. If you are an emotional person, too busy, sometimes ignore the dog, have young kids, then we don't recommend taking a high-sensitivity dog.

Kid-Friendly

Kid-friendly dogs are tolerant to kid's behavior like hugs and attempts to saddle and other "games". It behaves kindly to kids. A no-kid-friendly dog doesn't tolerate such an attitude. You need to know that it's possible to teach dogs of any breed to be kid-friendly. But anyway You mustn't leave the kid and dog alone!

Dog Friendly

Dog-friendly characteristics highly depend on dog socialization, breed isn't the only factor. Dogs with high friendliness will play with other dogs or just be calm. Low-friendly dogs will try to fight, bark or run away.

Friendly Toward Strangers

The stranger-friendly dog will show nice behavior when your friends or visitors come to you. No stranger-friendly breed can be aggressive and attack them. Others will be shy or even afraid of your guests. But anyway if your dog has got good socialization lessons It will be stranger-friendly no matter what breed. And also if you have found that breed has a five-star rating of Stranger-friendly and you are not going to train this dog It can be aggressive to your visitors.

Amount Of Shedding

Dogs tend to shed, and it is completely normal for a certain amount of dog hair to end up either on your clothes or inside your house. Importantly, the amount of shedding differs from breed to breed. For example, some dogs shed throughout the year, others shed at key seasonal times, and some may do a little bit of both. However, some dogs barely shed at all. Depending on your preferences and standards, be sure to pick a dog breed with this in mind.

Easy To Groom

It is important to remember that some dog breeds require more maintenance than others. While some can be brushed on the go, other breeds may benefit from regular clipping, grooming, and bathing. Assessing how much time and money you are willing to spend on maintenance needs is certainly something to consider.

General Health

Some dogs are victims of irresponsible breeding practices, and this may cause them health problems down the road. One example of this is hip dysplasia, which is a genetic health problem. However, keep in mind that not every dog will develop these issues, although they are more likely to. If you decide to adopt a puppy, it is best to find out about any genetic illness that may be associated with its breed. For more information, you may also wish to consult with a shelter or rescue that can supply you with the knowledge of the physical health of the puppy’s parents or siblings.

Easy To Train

Interestingly, some dog breeds are easier to train than others. For example, select breeds may form a greater number of associations between words (“stay”), actions (staying), and outcomes (receiving a reward). Others may take more time and attention to train. Dogs are extremely intelligent but may want to know what is in it for them if they comply with your request. This is where games and rewards may come in handy.

Intelligence

Certain dog breeds are adept at specific jobs. For example, a dog that is bred for its intelligence, concentration, and quick decision-making may be used to successfully herd livestock and need more mental stimulation than a dog that is bred to be a runner and needs more physical exercise. Knowing your dog’s needs helps you know how to keep them properly engaged and out of mischief (such as chewing and digging). Examples include interactive toys and activities, including obedience training for those who need mental engagement, as well as search and rescue activities for those who are meant to be more active and employ their keen senses.

Tendency To Bark Or Howl

It is important to note that vocalization differs among dog breeds. Some are more vocal, and all of them bark and howl with different pitches. One example to consider is a hound. Would the pitch of their barking and howling get on your nerves or would you think it was somewhat musical? Is your dog breed notorious for hunting and would constantly chase and howl at nearby wildlife? If your dog is more alert and makes a good watchdog, will it bark at everyone it meets? These are some elements to consider when choosing a dog breed, as well as whether you have neighbors, or any noise restrictions are in place.

Energy Level

Dogs who have a lot of energy may have been bred for certain jobs, including herding livestock or retrieving game for hunters. Therefore, they will need quite a bit of interaction and exercise. They will be more energetic and probably engage in activities like playing, running, tumbling, and checking out new smells and sights. Conversely, other breeds may be low-energy and like to lounge on the couch with you, nap, and watch Netflix. Whichever dog breed you choose, simply consider what your own activity level and lifestyle are like and pick a dog breed that suits it.

Exercise Needs

Different dog breeds require different levels of exercise. Some may be content with a leisurely stroll in the evening, and other breeds may want to make several vigorous laps around the block. Depending on what they were bred to do, such as hunt or herd, their energy levels will match those activities. Dogs who are high-energy and do not have enough exercise might gain weight and engage in behaviors such as digging, chewing, and barking. High-energy dogs will likely match the best with individuals who are active and love the outdoors or are interested in training their dog for competitions.

Potential For Playfulness

Personalities of dog breeds vary widely. Some are always up for playing and stay in a puppy state of mind. Other breeds tend to be more serious and enjoy their downtime. It is best for individuals to consider whether the thought of a playful puppy is exciting or whether they mainly just want a couch companion. Other factors to consider include whether you have children or additional pets. Another option is adopting a dog that is a bit older and less demanding but still enjoys interacting and playing.

French Bulldogs are attached to all family members, great companions[5], and get along well with children. They are incredibly successful due to their temper and compact size.

French Bulldogs are sociable, cheerful, mobile, exceptionally affectionate with the owners, get along great with children and love to play.

Basic moments

  • These dogs are smart, but stubborn, they quickly get bored with routine. The trainer will have to show ingenuity and patience.
  • Pets do not need high physical activity. Regular walks and weight control are enough[5].
  • Representatives of the breed do not tolerate heat well, it is recommended to keep in an air-conditioned room[5].
  • French Bulldogs make little noise, rarely bark[5], although there are exceptions.
  • These dogs are not suitable for lovers of perfect cleanliness: they drool, are prone to flatulence, molt.
  • The French Bulldog breed is only suitable for keeping in the house - they are not physically adapted to life on the street.
  • A companion dog needs a lot of human interaction. If left alone for more than a few hours, they may experience separation anxiety[3][4]. If no one is at home for a long time, the dog may grow up aggressive or get sick.
  • The French Bulldog will get along well with a child, but it is better not to leave very young children with a pet unattended by adults - the baby can accidentally offend the dog, forcing it to defend itself.

History of the French Bulldog breed

French Bulldogs, despite their name, were bred in England. In the 19th century, breeders decided to create a companion dog breed that could be kept in an urban environment without much difficulty. Craftsmen, seamstresses, lace makers did not miss the opportunity to acquire a mischievous pet, which pleased the owners with a light disposition and funny habits. To breed such a dog, breeders selected the smallest English bulldogs, crossed them with terriers, pugs. This is how the modern breed appeared.

Anna Maria Sacher, Photographie um 1908
Anna Maria Sacher, Photographie um 1908. Source: Stadtchronik Wien, Verlag Christian Brandstätter, page 300

In the second half of the 19th century, the demand for manual labor fell sharply due to the rapid development of manufactories. Many English workers moved to France with their beloved dogs. According to another version, traders brought the bulldogs here. The good-natured character, the ability to catch small rodents and unusually large erect ears instantly riveted the attention of the French public to this breed.

In Paris, courtesans became the first owners, or rather the owners, of little bulldogs. There are many photographic postcards with nude or semi-nude women posing with their pets. Very quickly, the fashion for these dogs spread in high society, as evidenced by numerous photographs. Since the 80s of the XIX century, a real boom in the popularity of the breed began. At this time, Paris was already the fashionable capital of the world, so the whole world soon learned about the French Bulldogs. In 1890, the dogs were brought to the United States, and after 7 years the FBDCA (French Bulldog Club of America) was established.

The French Bulldogs made their debut to the general public at the English Show in 1896, where they won the admiration of many dog ​​breeders. The breeders became interested in breeding these dogs. The popularity of the breed grew rapidly, and in 1913 about a hundred French Bulldogs arrived at the Westminster show. Originally these dogs were called bouledogue français in French , but at the beginning of the 20th century the name was changed to French Bulldog. The Kennel Club in 1905 recognized the breed as an independent breed, separating it from the English Bulldogs.

Appearance of French Bulldogs

The standard for French Bulldogs was developed at the time of the beginning of the exhibitions with their participation. The main criteria allow you to select the best representatives of the breed: healthy, suitable for show and breeding.

Dimensions

They are small, compact dogs. Adult males weigh about 10-15 kg, females 8-12 kg. The height at the withers is not officially limited by the standard, but usually it does not exceed 25-35 cm.[6]

Coat

The coat of French Bulldogs is smooth, shiny and thin, the cover fits well to the body and does not have an undercoat, therefore, it is worth insulating the dog for walking in frosts.

Body

The French Bulldog has a strong square build. The back and hind legs are well muscled and strong.

Front legs

The front legs are somewhat shorter than the hind legs, which visually makes the dog slightly stooped. Because of this feature, pets love to lie in a funny pose - stretching their hind legs back. The weighted body and short legs do not allow the French Bulldog to swim (it can stay upright in the water and gets tired quickly).

Head

Wide and square, so the breed is undershot. Some puppies are born with an elongated or split soft palate.

Muzzle

On the forehead there are wrinkles characteristic of the breed, turning closer to the middle into symmetrical concentric folds, the muzzle is short. The small nose is flattened and turned up. The forehead has a convex profile, the neck is covered with folds. The eyes are large, round with a benevolent expression. Difficulty breathing, accompanied by sounds similar to grunting.

Ears

The hearing organs are  long, straight, rounded at the ends.

Color options

Fawn, white, black, brindle, spotted, Pied Color, beige, white brindle, blue (not recognized by all associations), cream.

Reference:

  1. History of french Bulldog. wikipedia
  2. FBDCA. frenchbulldogclub
  3. McCrave, Elizabeth A. (March 1991). "Diagnostic Criteria for Separation Anxiety in the Dog"Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice.
  4. Schwartz, Stefanie (June 2003). "Separation anxiety syndrome in dogs and cats" (PDF). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 222 (11): 1526–1532.
  5. "Get to Know the French Bulldog", The American Kennel Club
  6. Coile, D. Caroline (2005). French Bulldogs. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Barron's

References:
  1. https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/dog-breeds/the-most-popular-dog-breeds-of-2020/
  2. FCI standard
  3. Kennel club standard
  4. Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Bulldog
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